jump1 W3S2 [dʒʌmp] v
3¦(move fast)¦
4¦(in fear/surprise)¦
6¦(keep changing)¦
7¦(miss a stage)¦
10 jump to conclusions
11 jump the gun
12 jump for joy
13 jump down somebody's throat
14 jump the queue
15 jump through hoops
16 jump ship
17 jump bail
18 jump to it!
19 (go) jump in a lake!
20 jump the rails
21 jump a light
21 jump the lights
22 jump a train
Phrasal verbs
 jump at something
 jump in
 jump on somebody
 jump out at somebody
1.) ¦(UPWARDS)¦
to push yourself up into the air, or over or away from something etc using your legs
How high can you jump?
jump over/across/onto etc sth
He jumped over the wall and ran off.
Fans were jumping up and down (=jumping repeatedly) and cheering.
jump clear (of sth)
(=jump out of danger)
We managed to jump clear of the car before it hit the wall.
b) [T]
to go over or across something by jumping
He jumped the gate, landing on the concrete.
2.) ¦(DOWNWARDS)¦ [I]
to let yourself drop from a place that is above the ground
The cats jumped down and came to meet us.
jump from/out of/onto etc sth
Three people saved themselves by jumping from the window.
3.) ¦(MOVE FAST)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to move quickly or suddenly in a particular direction
= ↑leap jump up/back/in etc
Matt jumped up to answer the phone.
We all jumped in a taxi.
She jumped to her feet and left.
to make a quick sudden movement because you are surprised or frightened
Marcia jumped. 'What's that noise?'
Sorry, I didn't mean to make you jump (=surprise or frighten you) .
Don't shout. I nearly jumped out of my skin (=was very shocked or frightened) !
5.) ¦(INCREASE)¦ [I]
to increase or improve suddenly and by a large amount
jump (from ...) to sth
Profits jumped to £2.6 million last year.
Norway jumped from ninth to third place.
6.) ¦(KEEP CHANGING)¦ [I and T]
to change quickly and often from one idea, place, position etc to another - used to show disapproval
jump from sth to sth
Cathy kept jumping from one topic to another.
jump about/around (sth)
I've been jumping about the file instead of working straight through it.
7.) ¦(MISS A STAGE)¦ [I and T]
to move suddenly to a further part of a book, discussion, leaving out the part in between
I'm afraid I jumped a couple of chapters.
jump to
The movie suddenly jumped ahead to the future.
8.) ¦(MACHINE)¦ [I]
if a machine or piece of equipment jumps, it moves suddenly because something is wrong with it
Why does the video keep jumping like this?
9.) ¦(ATTACK)¦ [T] [i]informal
to attack someone suddenly
Somebody jumped him in the park last night.
10.) jump to conclusions
to form an opinion about something before you have all the facts
There may be a simple explanation. Let's not jump to conclusions.
11.) jump the gun
to start doing something too soon, especially without thinking about it carefully
12.) jump for joy
to be extremely happy and pleased
13.) jump down sb's throat informal
to suddenly speak angrily to someone
14.) jump the queue
BrE to go in front of others who are already waiting in a line - used to show disapproval
15.) jump through hoops
to do a series of things that are difficult or annoying, but that are necessary in order to achieve something
We had to jump through hoops to get our visas in time.
16.) jump ship
a) to leave an organization that you are working for, especially in order to join another
The best employees jumped ship at the first opportunity.
b) to leave a ship on which you are working as a sailor, without permission
17.) jump bail
to leave a town, city, or country where a court of law has ordered you to stay until your ↑trial 1(1)
18.) jump to it!
spoken used to order someone to do something immediately
19.) (go) jump in a lake!
spoken used to rudely tell someone to go away
20.) jump the rails
BrE jump the tracks AmE
if a train jumps the rails, it suddenly goes off the metal tracks it is moving along
21.) jump a light also jump the lights
to drive through red ↑traffic lights without stopping
22.) jump a train
especially AmE to travel on a train, especially a ↑freight train, without paying
23.) ¦(CAR)¦ [T]
AmE to ↑jump-start a car
24.) ¦(SEX)¦ [T]
spoken not polite to have sex with someone
jump at [jump at sth] phr v
to eagerly accept the chance to do something
I jumped at the chance of a trip to Hong Kong.
jump in phr v
to interrupt someone or suddenly join a conversation
Lena quickly jumped in with a diverting remark.
jump on [jump on sb] phr v
to criticize or punish someone, especially unfairly
jump on somebody for
He used to jump on me for every little mistake.
jump out at [jump out at sb] phr v
if something jumps out at you, it is extremely noticeable, often in a way you do not like
I don't like jewellery that jumps out at you.
HINT sense 5
Do not say that an amount, level, price etc 'jumps up'. Say it jumps.
jump 2
jump2 n
5 with a jump
6 keep/stay etc a jump ahead (of somebody)
7¦(something you jump over)¦
8 get a jump on somebody/something
1.) ¦(UP)¦
an act of pushing yourself suddenly up into the air using your legs
= ↑leap
the best jump of the competition
a dancer famous for his impressive jumps
2.) ¦(DOWN)¦
an act of letting yourself drop from a place that is above the ground
do/make a jump
Douglas made his first 10,000 foot parachute jump yesterday.
3.) ¦(INCREASE)¦
a sudden large increase in an amount or value
jump in
a jump in inflation rates
4.) ¦(PROGRESS)¦
especially BrE a large or sudden change, especially one that improves things
The new law is a great jump forward for human rights.
5.) with a jump
BrE if you wake, sit up etc with a jump, you do it very suddenly because you are surprised or shocked
She woke with a jump, hearing a noise downstairs.
6.) keep/stay etc a jump ahead (of sb)
BrE informal to keep your advantage over the people you are competing with by always being the first to do or know something new
a fence, gate, or wall that a person or horse has to jump over in a race or competition
Her horse cleared all the jumps in the first round.
8.) get a jump on sb/sth
AmE informal to gain an advantage, especially by doing something earlier than usual or earlier than someone else
I want to get a jump on my Christmas shopping.
→↑high jump, long jump,take a running jump atrunning2 (8), ↑ski jump, triple jump

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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